Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world, and it's no surprise that there are many different types of coffee beans available. Within the Coffea genus, there are four main species of coffee beans, with Arabica and Robusta being the two most common types of coffee sold and produced in the world today. The other two types of coffee beans grown commercially are Liberica and Excelsa. Robusta is the second most popular type of coffee bean in the world, and it is especially popular in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.
It has a much fruitier character than Liberica, with an acidic acidity that makes it popular for adding complexity to coffee blends. Liberica trees grow much taller than Robusta or Arabica, and the coffee beans in these trees are larger and have a more irregular shape. Arabica is the most common type of coffee bean in North America, and it is particularly prone to disease, making it difficult to grow in large quantities. Despite this, there are some exceptional Liberica coffees that can be enjoyed when they are well prepared.
Excelsa is mainly grown in Southeast Asia and represents only a small fraction of the world's coffee production. Ultimately, it's all about finding what you like when it comes to drinking coffee. Whether you prefer Arabica or Robusta, Liberica or Excelsa, there's something for everyone. So why not explore all the different types of coffee beans available and find your favorite?.