Known as one of the most popular and well-known types of coffee beans, Arabica beans are the most frequently produced variety and are considered to be of the highest quality. In fact, more than 60% of the coffee beans produced in the world are of the Arabica variety. Coffee beans are actually fruit seeds found inside bright red berries. The word “coffee” comes from the Arabic term for “wine from the grain”.
A monk then drank the berries and found that the drink kept him alert. By the 16th century, the cultivation of coffee beans had spread to Yemen, Persia, Egypt, Syria and Turkey. Coffee is second only to crude oil when it comes to the most traded product in the world. World consumption reaches approximately 2.25 billion cups of coffee every day.
The best climates for growing coffee beans are known as The Bean Belt and this includes Papua New Guinea, Brazil, Sumatra, Honduras, Peru, Guatemala, Colombia and Ethiopia. More than 60 percent of the world's coffee is made from Arabica beans. The beans are grown at high elevations and receive the perfect amount of shade and rain for their flavor. Arabica trees are usually quite small (no more than six feet tall) and are generally easy to care for.
Arabica beans are bright and slightly acidic, and come in several varieties of aroma and flavor, such as Bourbon, Blue Mountain, Typica and Caturra. French monks developed the Bourbon variety from Arabica beans in the 18th century on the island of Bourbon (now La Réunion). The beans have a very fruity flavor with a sweet caramel undertone. Popular in the Americas and throughout Africa, bourbon is the forerunner of many other types of coffee beans found on the market today.
Developed in the 1950s and 60s in Brazil, the Catuai coffee bean has numerous variations and has some of the best qualities of good Brazilian coffee. Coffee is slightly acidic and has hints of sweetness. The Caturra bean, a mutant variety of the Bourbon coffee bean, was developed in Brazil in the 1930s, although it improved later on, once it was planted at the highest elevations in Colombia and Central America. These beans produce coffee with a bright citrus flavor and a light body.
It is also a forerunner of many other varieties of coffee beans, such as Maracatu and Catimor. Of all the coffee grown in Jamaica, this is perhaps the tastiest. Blue Mountain coffee from Jamaica, introduced to the island in 1728, was one of the first cultivars brought to the New World. Coffee is slightly acidic, light and has a balanced flavor.
The hybrid coffee bean originated in Indonesia. Often called S795, Jember coffee beans are full-bodied and rich, and taste like a combination of caramel, maple and brown sugar. Developed for strength in the 1940s, Jember is a combination of Kent and S228 coffee beans. Developed in India in the 1920s, these beans have a very light flavor and floral and spicy nuances.
Interestingly, the ability of beans to be resistant to many diseases is directly due to the fact that they contain a lot of caffeine, twice as much caffeine as Arabica beans. For best results, you should drink this type of coffee on the back palate, where the bitter taste buds are located. Robusta beans have a low level of acidity and a pleasant, mild flavor with a touch of chocolate. Light or medium roasted Arabica beans will work well with your French press.
First of all, there are 3 main types of coffee beans. The names of these coffee beans are Robusta, Liberica and Arabica. There are also subtypes of these grains but these are the main types of beans. These types of beans take on different flavors as they are processed and harvested.
We can say with a certain degree of confidence that the only thing that was not affected by the Vietnam War was coffee. In Vietnam, people prefer Robusta coffee bean with a strong flavor. In fact, Vietnam can be said to be Robusta's homeland. Vietnam is among the world's top coffee exporters.
Arabica and Robusta coffee beans are cultivated abundantly in India. The famous coffee beans grown in the southern region of the country are known for their mild flavor and high levels of acidity. When we think about different types of coffee it seems that there are endless options but there are actually only two types: Robusta and Arabica. There are also two others - Liberica and Excelsa - but they are not as common as Robusta and Arabica which together account for more than 90% of global production nowadays Liberica is harder to find in the coffee world but this variety occupies an important place in world coffee history Excelsa beans are not as common as Arabica or Robusta beans so they may be harder to find outside Asia.
You've probably also heard about Robusta since it ranks second after Arabica as most produced coffee in world classic Italian breakfast which milk makes up large part drink goes best with dark roasted coffee beans they most produced coffee represent around 60% production mainly used blends give additional boost flavor complexity better affects middle rear palates Colombia claims fair share production 810 million kg year just behind Brazil terms flavor its Arabica coffee bean now know more about different varieties coffee probably wondering which one best second most popular type grain production trees virtually immune any type disease when drunk Robusta best tasted back palate where bitter taste buds located.