Most of the coffee beans you find in supermarkets, markets, cafeterias, and coffee shops are Arabica beans. Some brands mix Arabica and Robusta beans, especially for espresso blends. But the majority of coffee is Arabica. The two types of coffees differ in the conditions in which they are grown.
Arabica beans are cultivated at altitudes higher than 600 meters in tropical and mountain environments. Robusta beans, on the other hand, are grown from sea level up to 600 meters. Robusta beans also produce harder fruit, making them less vulnerable to pests. Arabica beans, however, are more delicate and can be damaged by insects.
Robusta beans account for only 2% of the world's coffee supply and are mainly produced in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Arabica beans make up around 60% of the world's coffee production and are by far the most popular type of bean. In North America, Arabica makes up between 60 and 70% of all coffee produced. The extra effort is worth it as you'll get a much better flavor and freshness no matter what type of coffee bean you choose.
If you're a coffee enthusiast, you may have wondered how many types of coffee beans there are and what makes them unique. Ultimately, if you're looking for a daily dose of caffeine in your cup of joe, you may as well opt for a standard cup of Robusta and add cream and sugar to mask the flavor.